Type 4c naturals have the most tightly coiled hair, and that combined with up to 70 percent shrinkage and difficulty retaining moisture can create the perfect recipe for damage and breakage. The tight curl pattern of the hair makes it difficult for oils and sebum to travel down from the scalp to moisturize the entire hair strand. To be clear, there is absolutely nothing wrong with living your best life and rocking a beautiful 4c wash and go. Shrinkage is a sign of healthy, thoroughly moisturized hair; but for those 4c’s who have difficulty controlling knots and tangles, wash and go’s are just not practical for an everyday regimen--that is where stretching comes in.
Stretched 4c hair is less likely to curl in on itself and makes it easier for those natural oils (and added moisturizing products) to travel down the hair strands and retain the moisture, warding off some excessive breakage and dryness. Using heatless methods to stretch can also help you avoid frequent use of heat (and irreversible heat damage) and retain as much length as possible.
Some popular methods to stretch natural curls, waves, and coils include:
The classic braid-out/twist out. On thoroughly moisturized and detangled hair (usually water, a styling cream, and an oil), simply section hair off in sections and twist or braid the hair. Then, take the twists/braids down when they are dry. Check out Halfrican Beaute’s simple tutorial for type 4 hair. Get the Flaxseed and Black Castor Oil Eco Styling Gel she uses here.
African threading is done by sectioning the hair off and wrapping thread around each section. This method is good to keep the natural curl pattern while still elongating the hair.
Bantu knots are accomplished by sectioning off hair as desired and twisting the hair while wrapping it into a small knot. Some people twirl the hair around their finger while others actually twist two pieces of hair together.
Do you stretch your hair? If so, what’s your favorite method? If you’d like to read more about hairstyles and products for Type 4 hair, check out this article.